Best Cities for Jobs (2023)

With 2021 behind us, it’s time to think about fresh starts, whether that means small changes or a complete life overhaul. For many people, finding a new or better job will be a top resolution.

The jobs market made quite a bit of recovery in 2021 after it took a major hit during the COVID-19 pandemic. According to the most recent jobs report from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the national unemployment rate is 4.2%, far belowTest the high of 14.7% seen during 2020. Many companies are now actually facing a labor shortage, which puts peoTest ple looking for jobs in a position of leverage when it comes to negotiating their compensation and benefits.
College graduates from the Class of 2022 should expect to see a big boost in hiring compared to the previous class, according to the National Association of Colleges and Employers. Employers plan to hire 26.6% more new graduates from the Class of 2022 than they did from the class of 2021.

Ultimately, your luck of finding work depends largely on location. To help you with the job hunt, WalletHub compared more than 180 U.S. cities across 31 key indicators of job-market strength. They range from job opportunities to employment growth to monthly average starting salary.

Table of Contents

Main FindingsAsk the ExpertsMethodology

Main Findings

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(Video) Top 5 Cities With The Hottest Job Market

Best Places to Find a Job

Overall RankCityTotal ScoreJob MarketSocio-economics
1Columbia, MD68.4121
2Salt Lake City, UT66.81123
3San Francisco, CA65.2436
4Portland, ME64.46104
5Austin, TX63.60815
6Orlando, FL63.54424
7Seattle, WA63.44119
8Scottsdale, AZ63.43717
9San Jose, CA62.63937
10Nashua, NH62.191710
11Plano, TX61.971232
12Pittsburgh, PA61.691913
13South Burlington, VT61.57277
14Columbia, SC61.42598
15Overland Park, KS61.35288
16Chandler, AZ61.341619
17Boise, ID61.182414
18Warwick, RI61.052316
19Charleston, SC60.551463
20Des Moines, IA60.222149
21Huntsville, AL60.206122
22West Valley City, UT60.202246
23Tempe, AZ59.833020
24Minneapolis, MN59.73585
25Madison, WI59.57722
26Spokane, WA59.522076
27Atlanta, GA59.491597
28St. Louis, MO59.1513119
29Raleigh, NC58.994222
30Tacoma, WA58.802684
31Gilbert, AZ58.783155
32Washington, DC58.724033
33Virginia Beach, VA58.564530
34Boston, MA58.523260
35Irving, TX58.4918109
36Miami, FL58.3524101
37Tampa, FL58.074845
38Fremont, CA58.025241
39Pearl City, HI57.983467
40Portland, OR57.627811
41Reno, NV57.595551
42Grand Prairie, TX57.573592
43Denver, CO57.496918
44Cedar Rapids, IA57.326428
45Vancouver, WA56.8441102
46Charlotte, NC56.8138103
47Fort Lauderdale, FL56.765187
48Manchester, NH56.736550
49Glendale, AZ56.664694
50Cheyenne, WY56.577142
51Juneau, AK56.527639
52Peoria, AZ56.525391
53Durham, NC56.474796
54Knoxville, TN56.4344111
55St. Petersburg, FL56.436362
56Irvine, CA56.358621
57Dallas, TX56.2633135
58Lincoln, NE56.169512
59Jacksonville, FL56.1450114
60Providence, RI56.136768
61Mesa, AZ55.8057110
62Omaha, NE55.778926
63Lewiston, ME55.767565
64Sacramento, CA55.667469
65Baltimore, MD55.6329162
66Chesapeake, VA55.4361105
67Garland, TX55.3943143
68Cincinnati, OH55.338847
69San Diego, CA55.319040
70Newport News, VA55.3037157
71Nashville, TN55.2956130
72Bismarck, ND55.219235
73Wilmington, DE55.187980
74San Antonio, TX55.147390
75Phoenix, AZ55.0468104
76Huntington Beach, CA55.009138
77Honolulu, HI54.9210025
78Rancho Cucamonga, CA54.908186
79Arlington, TX54.8649148
80Fargo, ND54.829734
81Chattanooga, TN54.8136168
82Santa Rosa, CA54.588581
83Sioux Falls, SD54.5210329
84Tulsa, OK54.4760140
85Kansas City, MO54.4266127
86Little Rock, AR54.2654161
87Richmond, VA53.9080134
88Tucson, AZ53.889664
89Amarillo, TX53.8670136
90Aurora, CO53.8277128
91Charleston, WV53.8139173
92Grand Rapids, MI53.7810548
93Las Vegas, NV53.5510656
94Fort Worth, TX53.5287116
95St. Paul, MN53.4611831
96Billings, MT53.439878
97Tallahassee, FL53.399482
98Colorado Springs, CO53.2810270
99Pembroke Pines, FL53.1010185
100Jersey City, NJ52.9812727
101Burlington, VT52.931543
102Mobile, AL52.7462172
103Norfolk, VA52.6982149
104Casper, WY52.6993113
105Henderson, NV52.5911166
106Columbus, OH52.5412643
107Birmingham, AL52.3059180
108Worcester, MA52.1511479
109Springfield, MO52.1382166
110Salem, OR52.0612175
111Santa Ana, CA52.04108100
112Louisville, KY51.94104118
113Wichita, KS51.8684163
114Aurora, IL51.8313057
115Garden Grove, CA51.7613744
116New Haven, CT51.5112874
117Rochester, NY51.4813361
118Port St. Lucie, FL51.39107124
119Greensboro, NC51.3499151
120Anaheim, CA51.07123108
121Santa Clarita, CA50.9914254
122Milwaukee, WI50.81124117
123Nampa, ID50.79113131
124Houston, TX50.77119120
125Albuquerque, NM50.6614172
126Oklahoma City, OK50.5913588
127Rapid City, SD50.5814753
128Oceanside, CA50.45122132
129Cleveland, OH50.45109152
130Yonkers, NY50.2015936
131Lexington-Fayette, KY50.2015158
132Oakland, CA50.08120141
133Riverside, CA50.07125133
134Los Angeles, CA49.9914099
135Fontana, CA49.99129126
136Ontario, CA49.95117154
137Glendale, CA49.6815071
138Missoula, MT49.6616452
139Fort Wayne, IN49.65116150
140El Paso, TX49.4416259
141Modesto, CA49.27138129
142Dover, DE49.26115160
143Hialeah, FL49.01112167
144Fort Smith, AR49.00110169
145Corpus Christi, TX48.83136138
146Lubbock, TX48.74132145
147Cape Coral, FL48.6715693
148Bridgeport, CT48.5915895
149Chicago, IL48.4316773
150Long Beach, CA48.33149121
151Anchorage, AK48.13161107
152Fresno, CA48.00143153
153Winston-Salem, NC47.90144155
154Bakersfield, CA47.78148139
155Indianapolis, IN47.69139164
156Philadelphia, PA47.58160125
157Buffalo, NY47.5716877
158Akron, OH47.44155142
159Montgomery, AL47.35134170
160New Orleans, LA47.28153146
161Huntington, WV47.09131175
162Laredo, TX46.9817283
163Fayetteville, NC46.63165147
164New York, NY46.57170106
165Augusta, GA46.36145179
166North Las Vegas, NV46.35163156
167Toledo, OH46.09166159
168Columbus, GA45.82146177
168Jackson, MS45.82152174
170Chula Vista, CA45.81171123
171Memphis, TN45.03157181
172Moreno Valley, CA44.97169158
173Baton Rouge, LA44.83174144
174Oxnard, CA44.72178115
175Las Cruces, NM44.0718289
176Brownsville, TX43.60181112
177Stockton, CA43.53175165
178Newark, NJ43.47179137
179Detroit, MI42.35173182
180Shreveport, LA42.20176178
181San Bernardino, CA42.06177176
182Gulfport, MS41.19180171

Note: With the exception of “Total Score,” all of the columns in the table above depict the relative rank of that city, where a rank of 1 represents the best conditions for that metric category.

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Ask the Experts

The job-hunting process can still be scary, especially during the stress of the COVID-19 pandemic. To ease the burden on job seekers, we asked a panel of experts to share their thoughts on the following key questions:

  • What is your prediction for the job market in 2022? Do you think the unemployment rate will come close to the pre-pandemic 3.5%?
  • Will the US be back to full employment in 2022?
  • Which fields are expected to grow the most in the coming years?
  • Recent evidence suggests fewer people are moving across state lines in search for work. Why do you think this is, and what can be done to increase geographic mobility?
  • Which are the most common mistakes job seekers make when seeking employment?

Ask the Experts

John Winters
Ph.D. – Professor, Department of Economics – Iowa State University
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Gordon Lafer
Ph.D. – Professor and Director, Labor Education & Research Center – University of Oregon
Read More

(Video) Top 10 Cities for Tech Jobs in 2021.

Ming D. Leung
Associate Professor, Paul Merage School of Business – University of California, Irvine
Read More

Thomas J. Norman
Ph.D. – Professor of Management, CSUDH Foundation Board Member – California State University, Dominguez Hills
Read More

(Video) 10 Best U.S. Cities For Jobs In 202 | Best Cities to Live in the USA - Job, Retire, Raise a family.


In order to determine the best job markets in the U.S., WalletHub compared 182 cities — including the 150 most populated U.S. cities, plus at least two of the most populated cities in each state — across two key dimensions, “Job Market” and “Socio-economics.” We assigned a heavier weight to the former, considering the fact that factors in that category most heavily influence a job seeker’s decision in terms of relocation for employment.

We then evaluated the two dimensions using 31 relevant metrics, which are listed below with their corresponding weights. Each metric was graded on a 100-point scale, with a score of 100 representing the most favorable conditions for job seekers. Data for metrics marked with an asterisk (*) were available at state level only.

(Video) Top 10 Best Cities for Tech Jobs [2021]

Finally, we determined each city’s weighted average across all metrics to calculate its overall score and used the resulting scores to rank-order our sample. In determining our sample, we considered only the city proper in each case, excluding cities in the surrounding metro area.

Job Market – Total Points: 80

  • Job Opportunities: Double Weight (~6.81 Points)
    Note: This metric was calculated as follows: Number of Job Openings per Number of Population in Labor Force Minus Unemployment Rate.
  • Employment Growth: Double Weight (~6.81 Points)
    Note: This metric measures the rate of annual job growth adjusted by the working-age population growth.
  • Monthly Average Starting Salary: Full Weight (~3.40 Points)
  • Unemployment Rate: Double Weight (~6.81 Points)
  • Underemployment Rate: Full Weight (~3.40 Points)
  • Industry Variety: Full Weight (~3.40 Points)
  • Employment Outlook: Double Weight (~6.81 Points)
    Note: This metric is based on the Manpower Employment Outlook Survey.
  • Automation Risk: Full Weight (~3.40 Points)
    Note: This metric measures the share of jobs at risk for automation.
  • Job Security: Full Weight (~3.40 Points)
    Note: This metric was calculated as follows: (Number of Employees in September 2021 – Number of Employees in September 2020) / Number of Employees in September 2020.
  • Job Satisfaction: Full Weight (~3.40 Points)
  • Share of Engaged Workers*: Full Weight (~3.40 Points)
    Note: This metric is based on Gallup’s “State of the American Workplace” report. Gallup defines engaged employees as those who are involved in, enthusiastic about and committed to their work and workplace.
  • Retirement Access & Participation: Full Weight (~3.40 Points)
    Note: This metric considers only employer-based retirement plans.
  • Access to Employee Benefits: Full Weight (~3.40 Points)
    Note: This metric measures the share of employees with private health insurance.
  • Presence of Work-Share Programs*: Half Weight (~1.70 Points)
    Note: This binary metric measures the presence or absence of state programs that allow employers to temporarily reduce work hours of employees instead of laying them off during economic downturns.
  • State’s Statute on Hiring Based on Salary History*: Half Weight (~1.70 Points)
    Note: This metric measures the presence or absence of salary history bans in a state.
  • Full-Time Employment: Full Weight (~3.40 Points)
    Note: This metric measures the number of part-time employees for every 100 full-time employees.
  • 4+ Star Full Time Job Opportunities per Total People in Labor Force: Full Weight (~3.40 Points)
    Note: This metric measures the number of full time job opportunities at 4+ star rated companies on per the total people in the labor force.
  • Apprentice-Trainee Jobs as Share of Total Jobs Posted on Half Weight (~1.70 Points)
    Note: Apprentice-trainee jobs refers to on-the-job training.
  • Share of Workers in Poverty: Double Weight (~6.81 Points)
    Note: This metric measures the share of employed residents whose incomes are below the poverty line.
  • Disability-Friendliness of Employers: Full Weight (~3.40 Points)
    Note: This metric measures the share of persons with disabilities who are employed.

Socio-economics – Total Points: 20

  • Median Annual Income: Full Weight (~1.67 Points)
    Note: This metric was adjusted for the cost of living.
  • Average Work & Commute Time: Full Weight (~1.67 Points)
    Note: This metric measures the average length of a workday and the average commute time.
  • Transit Accessibility of Workplace: Full Weight (~1.67 Points)
    Note: This metric measures the number of jobs accessible by a 30-minute transit ride per total civilian workforce.
  • Transit Score: Full Weight (~1.67 Points)
    Note: Transit Score is a patented measure of how well a location is served by public transit.
  • Housing Affordability: Full Weight (~1.67 Points)
    Note: This metric was calculated as follows: Housing Costs (accounts for both rental and sale prices) / Median Annual Household Income.
  • Annual Transportation Costs: Full Weight (~1.67 Points)
  • Percentage of Residents Who Are Fully Vaccinated: Double Weight (~3.33 Points)
  • Safety: Full Weight (~1.67 Points)
    Note: This metric measures the crime rate.
  • Family-Friendliness: Full Weight (~1.67 Points)
    Note: This metric is based on WalletHub’s “” ranking.
  • Dating-Friendliness: Full Weight (~1.67 Points)
    Note: This metric is based on WalletHub’s “” ranking.
  • Recreation-Friendliness: Full Weight (~1.67 Points)
    Note: This metric is based on WalletHub’s “” ranking.

Sources: Data used to create this ranking were collected from the U.S. Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Federal Bureau of Investigation, U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development, Council for Community and Economic Research, Indeed, Center for Neighborhood Technology, The Pew Charitable Trusts, National Conference of State Legislatures, Glassdoor, ManpowerGroup, Chmura Economics & Analytics, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University, Gallup-Sharecare, Industry Dive, Walk Score, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services and WalletHub research.

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